Selected Scholarly Articles

Theoretical Foundations of Positive Psychology:

Positive Psychology: An Introduction, Seligman & Csikszentmihalyi, 2000

APA President’s Address, Seligman, 1998

American Psychologist: Special Issue on Positive Psychology, 2000

Positive Psychology FAQs, Seligman & Pawelski, 2003

A Balanced Psychology and a Full Life, Seligman, Parks, & Steen, 2004

What (and Why) is Positive Psychology?, Gable and Haidt, 2005

Dynamic Spread of Happiness in a Large Social Network: Longitudinal Analysis over 20 Years in the Framingham Heart Study, Fowler & Christakis, 2008

Happiness Can Spread Among People Like a Contagion, Study Indicates, Washington Post, 2008

Non Zero: The Logic of Human Destiny, Robert Wright, 2001

Ordinary Magic: Resilience Processes in Development, Masten, 2001

The Better Angels of Our Nature, Pinker 2011

Enlightenment Now: The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, and Progress, Pinker, 2018

PERMA and the Building Blocks of Well-Being, Seligman, 2018

Positive Psychology: A Personal History, Seligman, 2019


Well-Being Research:

Beyond Money, Diener and Seligman, 2004

Subjective Well-Being: Three Decades of Progress, Diener at al., 1999

Subjective Well-Being: The Science of Happiness and a Proposal for a National Index, Diener, 2000

Using Well Being for Public Policy: Theory, Measurement, and Recommendations, Adler and Seligman, 2016


Social Media and Well-Being Research:

Limiting Social Media Decreases Loneliness and Depression, Hunt, Marx, Lipson, & Young, 2018

Detecting Depression and Mental Illness on Social Media: An Integrative Review, Guntuku et al., 2017

Predicting Individual Well-Being Through the Language of Social Media, Schwartz et al., 2016

Gaining Insights from Social Media Language: Methodologies and Challenges, Kern et al., 2016

Psychological Language on Twitter Predicts County-Level Heart Disease Mortality, Eichstaedt et al., 2015

Personality, Gender, and Age in the Language of Social Media: The Open-Vocabulary Approach, Schwartz et al., 2013


Optimism Research:

Association between Predeployment Optimism and Onset of Postdeployment Pain in US Army Soldiers, Hassett et al, 2019

Optimism and Physical Health: A Meta-analytic Review, Rasmussen, Scheier & Greenhouse, 2009

Pessimistic Explanatory Style Is a Risk Factor for Physical Illness: A Thirty-Five-Year Longitudinal Study, Peterson & Seligman, 1988

Explanatory Style Change During Cognitive Therapy for Unipolar Depression, Seligman et al., 1988

Explanatory Style as a Predictor of Productivity and Quitting Among Life Insurance Sales Agents, Seligman and Schulman, 1986

Explanatory Style as a Mechanism of Disappointing Athletic Performance, Seligman et al., 1990

Explanatory Style and Academic Performance Among University Freshmen, Peterson & Barrett, 1987

Attributional Style in Depression: A Meta-Analytic Review, Sweeney, Anderson & Bailey, 1986

Learned Helplessness in Children: A Longitudinal Study of Depression, Achievement, and Explanatory Style, Nolen-Hoeksema, Girgus, & Seligman, 1986

Causal Explanations as a Risk Factor for Depression: Theory and Evidence, Peterson & Seligman, 1984

Learned helplessness in Humans: Critique and Reformulation, Abramson, Seligman, & Teasdale, 1978

Learned Helplessness: Theory and Evidence,  Maier & Seligman, 1976

Learned Helplessness, Seligman, 1972


Positive Psychology Interventions Research:

Positive Psychology Progress: Empirical Validation of Interventions, Seligman, Steen, Park, & Peterson, 2005

Pursuing Happiness in Everyday Life: The Characteristics and Behaviors of Online Happiness Seekers, Parks et al., 2012

Disseminating Self-Help: Positive Psychology Exercises in an Online Trial, Schueller & Parks, 2012

Building Resilience, Harvard Business Review, Seligman, 2011


Character Strengths Research:

Christopher M. Peterson (Memoriam), Park & Seligman, 2013

Character Strengths Predict Subjective Well-Being During Adolescence, Gillham et al., 2011

Character Strengths: Research and Practice, Park & Peterson, 2009 

Strengths of Character, Orientations to Happiness, and Life Satisfaction, Peterson et al., 2007

Character Strengths in Fifty-Four Nations and the Fifty US States, Park, Peterson, & Seligman, 2006

Shared Virtue: The Convergence of Valued Human Strengths Across Culture and History, Dahlsgaard, Peterson, & Seligman, 2005

Strengths of Character and Well-Being, Park, Peterson & Seligman, 2004

Chris Peterson's Unfinished Masterwork: The Real Mental Illnesses, Seligman, 2013

Research on the VIA Institute Website


Positive Emotions Research:

Positive Emotions Broaden and Build, Fredrickson, 2013

Counting Blessings Versus Burdens: An Experimental Investigation of Gratitude and Subjective Well-Being in Daily Life, Emmons & McCullough, 2003

The Grateful Disposition: A Conceptual and Empirical Topography, McCullough & Emmons, 2002

The Psychology of Forgiveness, McCullough & vanOyen Witvliet, 2001

Interpersonal Forgiving in Close Relationships: II. Theoretical Elaboration and Measurement, McCullough et al., 1998

Mindfulness Training Modifies Subsystems of Attention, Jha, Krompinger & Baime, 2007

Witnessing Excellence in Action: The ‘Other-Praising’ Emotions of Elevation, Gratitude, and Admiration, Algoe & Haidt, 2009

The Varieties of Self-Transcendent Experience, Yaden, Haidt, Hood, Vago, and Newberg, 2017

A Four-Factor Model of Perceived Control: Avoiding, Coping, Obtaining, and Savoring, Bryant, 1989


Engagement Research:

Flow Theory and Research, Nakamura & Csikszentmihalyi, 2009


Relationships Research:

Dynamic Spread of Happiness in a Large Social Network: Longitudinal Analysis over 20 Years in the Framingham Heart Study, Fowler & Christakis, 2008

Happiness Can Spread Among People Like a Contagion, Study Indicates, Washington Post, 2008

What Do You Do When Things Go Right? The Intrapersonal and Interpersonal Benefits of Sharing Positive Events, Gable et al., 2004 


Meaning Research:

On the Meaning of Work: A Theoretical Integration and Review, Rosso, Dekas & Wrzesniewski, 2010 

Crafting a Job: Revisioning Employees as Active Crafters of Their Work, Wrzesniewski & Dutton, 2001

Jobs, Careers, and Callings: People’s Relations to Their Work, Wrzesniewski et al., 1997

The Development of Purpose During Adolescence, Damon, Menon & Bronk, 2003


Achievement Research:

The Science and Practice of Self-Control, Duckworth & Seligman, 2017

Self-Control and Grit: Related but Separable Determinants of Success, Duckworth & Gross, 2014

Grit: Perseverance and Passion for Long-Term Goals, Duckworth et al., 2007 

Self-Discipline Outdoes IQ in Predicting Academic Performance of Adolescents, Duckworth & Seligman, 2005

The Role of Deliberate Practice in the Acquisition of Expert Performance, Ericsson, Krampe & Tesch-Romer, 1993 

A Social-Cognitive Approach to Motivation and Personality, Dweck & Leggett, 1988


School-Based Resilience Interventions Research:

Building Resilience, Harvard Business Review, Seligman, 2011

Positive Education Seligman & Adler 2019

Positive Education, Seligman & Adler, 2018

Positive Education: Positive Psychology and Classroom Interventions, Seligman, Ernst, Gillham, Reivich, & Linkins, 2009

Group Prevention of Depression and Anxiety Symptoms, Seligman, Schulman, & Tryon, 2007

The Prevention of Depression and Anxiety, Seligman, Schulman, DeRubeis, & Hollon, 1999

Teaching Well-Being increases Academic Performance: Evidence from Bhutan, Mexico, and Peru, Adler, 2016

Physical Health Following a Cognitive-Behavioral Intervention, Buchanan, Gardenswartz, & Seligman, 1999

School-Based Prevention of Depressive Symptoms: A Randomized Controlled Study of the Effectiveness and Specificity of the Penn Resilience Program, Gillham et al., 2007

Prevention of Depressive Symptoms in School Children: Two Year Follow-Up, Gillham, Reivich, Jaycox, & Seligman, 1995

Prevention of Depressive Symptoms in School Children, Jaycox, Reivich, Gillham, & Seligman, 1994

A Meta-Analytic Review of the Penn Resiliency Program's Effect on Depressive Symptoms, Brunwasser, Gillham, & Kim, 2009


Imagination Research:

Creativity and Aging: What We Can Make with What We Have Left, Seligman, Forgeard, & Kaufman, 2017

Openness/Intellect: The Core of the Creative Personality, Oleynick et al., 2017

How Social-Emotional Imagination Facilitates Deep Learning and Creativity in the Classroom,, Gotlieb, Jahner, Immordino-Yang, & Kaufman, 2017

Cultivating the Social-Emotional Imagination in Gifted Education: Insights from Educational Neuroscience, Gotlieb, Hyde, Immordino-Yang, & Kaufman, 2017


Post-Traumatic Growth Research:

Posttraumatic Growth: Conceptual Foundations and Empirical Evidence, Tedeschi & Calhoun, 2004

Doors Opening: A Mechanism for Growth After Adversity, Roepke & Seligman, 2015


Positive Psychology and Therapy Research:

Cognitive Therapy and Research Special Issue: Positive Emotions and Cognitions in Clinical Psychology, June 2017

Positive Psychology in Clinical Practice, Duckworth, Steen, & Seligman, 2005

Positive Psychotherapy, Seligman, Rashid, & Parks, 2006


Positive Health Research

Positive Health, Seligman, 2008

Positive Health and Health Assets: Re-analysis of Longitudinal Datasets, Seligman et al., 2013

Association Between Predeployment Optimism and Onset of Postdeployment Pain in US Army Soldiers, Hassett et al., 2019

PTSD: Catastrophizing in Combat as Risk and Protection, Seligman et al., 2019

Comparison of Cardiovascular Health Between US Army and Civilians. Shrestha et al., 2019


Prospective Psychology:

We Aren't Built to Live in the Moment, Seligman & Tierney, 2017

Navigating into the Future or Driven by the Past, Seligman, Railton, Baumeister, & Sripada, 2013

Depression and Prospection, Roepke & Seligman, 2016