Selected Scholarly Articles

Theoretical Foundations of Positive Psychology:

Positive Psychology: An Introduction, Seligman & Csikszentmihalyi, 2000

APA President’s Address, Seligman, 1998

American Psychologist: Special Issue on Positive Psychology, 2000

Positive Psychology FAQs, Seligman & Pawelski, 2003

A Balanced Psychology and a Full Life, Seligman, Parks, & Steen, 2004

What (and Why) is Positive Psychology?, Gable and Haidt, 2005

Dynamic Spread of Happiness in a Large Social Network: Longitudinal Analysis over 20 Years in the Framingham Heart Study, Fowler & Christakis, 2008

Happiness Can Spread Among People Like a Contagion, Study Indicates, Washington Post, 2008

Non Zero: The Logic of Human Destiny, Robert Wright, 2001

Ordinary Magic: Resilience Processes in Development, Masten, 2001

The Better Angels of Our Nature, Pinker 2011

Enlightenment Now: The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, and Progress, Pinker, 2018

PERMA and the Building Blocks of Well-Being, Seligman, 2018

Positive Psychology: A Personal History, Seligman, 2019

Agency in Greco Roman Philosophy, Seligman, 2020

Agency in Ancient China, Zhao, Seligman et al., 2021

Psychological History and Predicting the Future, Seligman, 2022


Well-Being Research:

Beyond Money, Diener and Seligman, 2004

Subjective Well-Being: Three Decades of Progress, Diener at al., 1999

Subjective Well-Being: The Science of Happiness and a Proposal for a National Index, Diener, 2000

Using Well Being for Public Policy: Theory, Measurement, and Recommendations, Adler and Seligman, 2016

If, Why, and When Subjective Well-Being Influences Health, and Future Needed Research, Diener, Pressman, and Delgadillo-Chase, 2017


Social Media and Well-Being Research:

Limiting Social Media Decreases Loneliness and Depression, Hunt, Marx, Lipson, & Young, 2018

Detecting Depression and Mental Illness on Social Media: An Integrative Review, Guntuku et al., 2017

Predicting Individual Well-Being Through the Language of Social Media, Schwartz et al., 2016

Gaining Insights from Social Media Language: Methodologies and Challenges, Kern et al., 2016

Psychological Language on Twitter Predicts County-Level Heart Disease Mortality, Eichstaedt et al., 2015

Personality, Gender, and Age in the Language of Social Media: The Open-Vocabulary Approach, Schwartz et al., 2013


Optimism Research:

Association between Predeployment Optimism and Onset of Postdeployment Pain in US Army Soldiers, Hassett et al, 2019

Optimism and Physical Health: A Meta-analytic Review, Rasmussen, Scheier & Greenhouse, 2009

Pessimistic Explanatory Style Is a Risk Factor for Physical Illness: A Thirty-Five-Year Longitudinal Study, Peterson & Seligman, 1988

Explanatory Style Change During Cognitive Therapy for Unipolar Depression, Seligman et al., 1988

Explanatory Style as a Predictor of Productivity and Quitting Among Life Insurance Sales Agents, Seligman and Schulman, 1986

Explanatory Style as a Mechanism of Disappointing Athletic Performance, Seligman et al., 1990

Explanatory Style and Academic Performance Among University Freshmen, Peterson & Barrett, 1987

Attributional Style in Depression: A Meta-Analytic Review, Sweeney, Anderson & Bailey, 1986

Learned Helplessness in Children: A Longitudinal Study of Depression, Achievement, and Explanatory Style, Nolen-Hoeksema, Girgus, & Seligman, 1986

Causal Explanations as a Risk Factor for Depression: Theory and Evidence, Peterson & Seligman, 1984

Learned helplessness in Humans: Critique and Reformulation, Abramson, Seligman, & Teasdale, 1978

Learned Helplessness: Theory and Evidence,  Maier & Seligman, 1976

Learned Helplessness, Seligman, 1972


Positive Psychology Interventions Research:

Positive Psychology Progress: Empirical Validation of Interventions, Seligman, Steen, Park, & Peterson, 2005

Pursuing Happiness in Everyday Life: The Characteristics and Behaviors of Online Happiness Seekers, Parks et al., 2012

Disseminating Self-Help: Positive Psychology Exercises in an Online Trial, Schueller & Parks, 2012

Building Resilience, Harvard Business Review, Seligman, 2011


Character Strengths Research:

Christopher M. Peterson (Memoriam), Park & Seligman, 2013

Character Strengths Predict Subjective Well-Being During Adolescence, Gillham et al., 2011

Character Strengths: Research and Practice, Park & Peterson, 2009 

Strengths of Character, Orientations to Happiness, and Life Satisfaction, Peterson et al., 2007

Character Strengths in Fifty-Four Nations and the Fifty US States, Park, Peterson, & Seligman, 2006

Shared Virtue: The Convergence of Valued Human Strengths Across Culture and History, Dahlsgaard, Peterson, & Seligman, 2005

Strengths of Character and Well-Being, Park, Peterson & Seligman, 2004

Chris Peterson's Unfinished Masterwork: The Real Mental Illnesses, Seligman, 2013

Research on the VIA Institute Website


Positive Emotions Research:

Positive Emotions Broaden and Build, Fredrickson, 2013

Counting Blessings Versus Burdens: An Experimental Investigation of Gratitude and Subjective Well-Being in Daily Life, Emmons & McCullough, 2003

The Grateful Disposition: A Conceptual and Empirical Topography, McCullough & Emmons, 2002

The Psychology of Forgiveness, McCullough & vanOyen Witvliet, 2001

Interpersonal Forgiving in Close Relationships: II. Theoretical Elaboration and Measurement, McCullough et al., 1998

Mindfulness Training Modifies Subsystems of Attention, Jha, Krompinger & Baime, 2007

Witnessing Excellence in Action: The ‘Other-Praising’ Emotions of Elevation, Gratitude, and Admiration, Algoe & Haidt, 2009

The Varieties of Self-Transcendent Experience, Yaden, Haidt, Hood, Vago, and Newberg, 2017

A Four-Factor Model of Perceived Control: Avoiding, Coping, Obtaining, and Savoring, Bryant, 1989


Engagement Research:

Flow Theory and Research, Nakamura & Csikszentmihalyi, 2009


Relationships Research:

Dynamic Spread of Happiness in a Large Social Network: Longitudinal Analysis over 20 Years in the Framingham Heart Study, Fowler & Christakis, 2008

Happiness Can Spread Among People Like a Contagion, Study Indicates, Washington Post, 2008

What Do You Do When Things Go Right? The Intrapersonal and Interpersonal Benefits of Sharing Positive Events, Gable et al., 2004 


Meaning Research:

On the Meaning of Work: A Theoretical Integration and Review, Rosso, Dekas & Wrzesniewski, 2010 

Crafting a Job: Revisioning Employees as Active Crafters of Their Work, Wrzesniewski & Dutton, 2001

Jobs, Careers, and Callings: People’s Relations to Their Work, Wrzesniewski et al., 1997

The Development of Purpose During Adolescence, Damon, Menon & Bronk, 2003


Achievement Research:

The Science and Practice of Self-Control, Duckworth & Seligman, 2017

Self-Control and Grit: Related but Separable Determinants of Success, Duckworth & Gross, 2014

Grit: Perseverance and Passion for Long-Term Goals, Duckworth et al., 2007 

Self-Discipline Outdoes IQ in Predicting Academic Performance of Adolescents, Duckworth & Seligman, 2005

The Role of Deliberate Practice in the Acquisition of Expert Performance, Ericsson, Krampe & Tesch-Romer, 1993 

A Social-Cognitive Approach to Motivation and Personality, Dweck & Leggett, 1988


School-Based Resilience Interventions Research:

Building Resilience, Harvard Business Review, Seligman, 2011

Positive Education Seligman & Adler 2019

Positive Education, Seligman & Adler, 2018

Positive Education: Positive Psychology and Classroom Interventions, Seligman, Ernst, Gillham, Reivich, & Linkins, 2009

Group Prevention of Depression and Anxiety Symptoms, Seligman, Schulman, & Tryon, 2007

The Prevention of Depression and Anxiety, Seligman, Schulman, DeRubeis, & Hollon, 1999

Teaching Well-Being increases Academic Performance: Evidence from Bhutan, Mexico, and Peru, Adler, 2016

Physical Health Following a Cognitive-Behavioral Intervention, Buchanan, Gardenswartz, & Seligman, 1999

School-Based Prevention of Depressive Symptoms: A Randomized Controlled Study of the Effectiveness and Specificity of the Penn Resilience Program, Gillham et al., 2007

Prevention of Depressive Symptoms in School Children: Two Year Follow-Up, Gillham, Reivich, Jaycox, & Seligman, 1995

Prevention of Depressive Symptoms in School Children, Jaycox, Reivich, Gillham, & Seligman, 1994

A Meta-Analytic Review of the Penn Resiliency Program's Effect on Depressive Symptoms, Brunwasser, Gillham, & Kim, 2009


Primal World Beliefs:

Primal World Beliefs, Clifton et al., 2019

Parents Think, Incorrectly, that Teaching their Children the World is a Bad Place is Best for Them, Clifton & Meindl, 2021


Well-Being and the Arts:

Art Museums as Institutions for Human Flourishing, Cotter and Pawelski, 2021


Imagination Research:

Creativity and Aging: What We Can Make with What We Have Left, Seligman, Forgeard, & Kaufman, 2017

Openness/Intellect: The Core of the Creative Personality, Oleynick et al., 2017

How Social-Emotional Imagination Facilitates Deep Learning and Creativity in the Classroom,, Gotlieb, Jahner, Immordino-Yang, & Kaufman, 2017

Cultivating the Social-Emotional Imagination in Gifted Education: Insights from Educational Neuroscience, Gotlieb, Hyde, Immordino-Yang, & Kaufman, 2017


Post-Traumatic Growth Research:

Posttraumatic Growth: Conceptual Foundations and Empirical Evidence, Tedeschi & Calhoun, 2004

Doors Opening: A Mechanism for Growth After Adversity, Roepke & Seligman, 2015


Positive Psychology and Therapy Research:

Cognitive Therapy and Research Special Issue: Positive Emotions and Cognitions in Clinical Psychology, June 2017

Positive Psychology in Clinical Practice, Duckworth, Steen, & Seligman, 2005

Positive Psychotherapy, Seligman, Rashid, & Parks, 2006


Positive Health Research

Positive Health, Seligman, 2008

Positive Health and Health Assets: Re-analysis of Longitudinal Datasets, Seligman et al., 2013

The Person-Event Data Environment: Leveraging Big Data for Studies of Psychological Strengths in Soldiers. Vie, Griffith, Scheier, Lester & Seligman, 2013

The U.S. Army Person-Event Data Environment: A Military-Civilian Big Data Enterprise, Vie et al., 2015

Initial Validation of the U.S. Army Global Assessment Tool, Vie, Scheier, Lester, & Seligman, 2016

Protective Effects of Psychological Strengths Against Psychiatric Disorders Among Soldiers, Shrestha et al., 2018

Association Between Predeployment Optimism and Onset of Postdeployment Pain in US Army Soldiers, Hassett et al., 2019

PTSD: Catastrophizing in Combat as Risk and Protection, Seligman et al., 2019

Comparison of Cardiovascular Health Between US Army and Civilians. Shrestha et al., 2019

Optimism and Risk of Incident Hypertension: A Target for Primordial Prevention, Kubzansky et al., 2020

Development of Character Strengths Across the Deployment Cycle Among U.S. Army Soldiers, Chopik et al., 2020

Happy Soldiers are Highest Performers, Lester et al., 2021


Prospective Psychology:

We Aren't Built to Live in the Moment, Seligman & Tierney, 2017

Navigating into the Future or Driven by the Past, Seligman, Railton, Baumeister, & Sripada, 2013

Depression and Prospection, Roepke & Seligman, 2016